The 8 Phases in the Home Building Process
What to Expect After You Sign the Purchase Agreement
You might be thinking of purchasing a new build or maybe you’re currently in the process. For many people the building process for a new construction home can be intimidating since there are so many steps from start to finish. Once you have signed the purchase agreement, selected your floor plan and put your first deposit down, there are eight phases to the construction process.
Here’s a breakdown of the home building process. Don’t let the process overwhelm you. Keep in mind, home builders are very skilled and have a system in place to be sure you are delivered a high-quality finished product that is built to plan. There are also third-party inspections throughout the process to make sure your home is built safe and sound.
PHASE 1: Excavation
Your blueprints will show the home’s position on the lot. The contractor will then stake the lot to prepare for excavation. Ground will be broken (an exciting day!) and the hole will be dug for the foundation.
PHASE 2: Foundation
Most foundations in our region consist of concrete slab or poured walls. This means forms are set up as an outline of your home and plumbing is installed and connected to the public sewer system. After this is set up, the concrete is poured to create the foundation. After the concrete has had time to dry, the forms are removed and waterproofing is applied. A drain tile is also installed around the outside of the foundation. Lastly, the basement floor concrete is poured.
PHASE 3: Framing
Once the foundation and basement floor have cured, framing takes place. This is when the house is starting to look like a home. During the framing phase, the subfloor, walls and roof are constructed. Then the shingles, windows and doors are installed. To complete this phase, backfilling around the foundation is completed.
PHASE 4: Rough Mechanics
Heating, air conditioning, plumbing and electrical installations are part of phase four. This will be a very active time for your home with numerous specialty subcontractors coming in to do their work. Your builder will schedule a pre-drywall review with you before the insulation and drywall are installed. During this meeting the builder will go over all the work completed thus far and explain next steps. You will want to be sure everything appears to plan and ask any questions if something doesn’t look quite right.
PHASE 5: Drywall
Your excitement will build during the drywall phase because you will really see your home start to take shape. The drywall phase happens very quickly. Usually, while the drywall phase is underway, your exterior features will be installed (brick and siding, the home site is graded for proper drainage, etc.)
PHASE 6: Finish
The finishing phase is when you will see the selections you made at the Design Center come to life. Your kitchen cabinetry, countertops, mirrors, doors, trim, railings for the stairs and hard flooring will be installed. The interior of the home will also be painted.
PHASE 7: Finish Mechanics
Since the previous phases can be a bit dusty and dirty, the finish mechanic phase involves putting the final necessities in place. These include faucets, shower heads, toilets, switch plates, plug covers, thermostats, light fixtures, etc. This is when your carpeting is also installed along with any agreed upon landscaping (sod, grass seed, plants, etc).
PHASE 8: Final Stage
Congratulations! You made it to the final stage of the construction process! The final phase of the building process is when the finishing touches take place and the home is cleaned to prepare for the final inspection. To ensure your home is safe and built to code, a third-party inspection is required prior to closing. Then a homeowner orientation will be scheduled and the builder will walk you through the home showing you how everything works and explaining how to take care of your new home. Then it’s on to the closing table for signatures and moving day!
Thinking of building a home? Read this first: 6 Reasons to Use a Realtor When Buying New Construction.